Diagnosing Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Information

There is no single known cause of the prostate cancer, but the risk for men developing the disease does increase significantly with age. Prostate cancer rarely occurs in men under 50, but 80% of men over 80 have prostate cancer. 

Your chances of having it increase significantly if your father or brother had prostate cancer. Men in western countries are more likely to get the disease. Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer for men in the U.S. and Canada, with a 1 in 7 chance of developing the disease in your lifetime. Although the reason is unknown, men of Afro-American descent have a 60% higher chance of developing the disease.

While you can't change any of these risk factors, you can be aware of them and get earlier and regular screenings. Speak to your doctor about your risk of developing prostate cancer and which tests, if any, you should have. Screening is a way of testing for the disease when you don't have any symptoms, but are at risk due to age, family history or other factors.

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Prostate Cancer Symptoms

As there are no symptoms that would indicate prostate cancer regular checkups and PSA testing are necessary when you are over 50, and recommended for younger men who have blood relatives with the disease.

Diagnosing Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer does not usually grow and spread as quickly as some other forms of cancer. Chance of recovery from prostate cancer is very high if it is diagnosed early.

Your physician will need to perform a digital rectal examination to check the prostate for swelling, hardness, lumps or other abnormalities.  A blood test, called a PSA test, will be conducted to record levels of prostate specific antigen.

Based on these 2 tests, the doctor will determine the likelihood of prostate cancer. If further tests are needed, they include:
1) A biopsy. The doctor will remove a small sample of prostate tissue with a fine needle to check for cancer
2) MRI or CT scan. The doctor will order images be taken of your body organs to check for cancer in the lymph nodes, liver or other organs
3) A bone scan may be done to check for cancer in the bones.

Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, your doctor will do further tests and recommend treatment. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound is an effective treatment that does not involve surgery or radiation. Discuss the HIFU treatment with your doctor or one of the trained Urologists at our clinic.

Please call 1 877 370 4438 to find out if you are a candidate for HIFU.

prostate cancer symptoms and diagnosis including the need for a psa screening test

Learn more about HIFU Prostate Cancer Treatment.

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